The Difference Between Shepherd’s Pie, Cottage Pie, and How to Make Them

There’s a really simple difference between Shepherd’s Pie and Cottage pie and I won’t even drag out the lukewarm mystery until the end of the post to make you read the whole thing! It just comes down to what kind of ground meat you use. Shepherd’s Pie is traditionally made with ground lamb while it’s more well-known and oft-mistaken cousin, Cottage Pie, is made with ground beef. That’s it. Some people are sticklers for the difference, but most people just call either version Shepherd’s Pie.

Considering how simple it is to make Shepherd’s Pie, it’s remarkable how many restaurants and school cafeterias make it badly. It almost always comes down to one ingredient in the dish that makes or breaks it and that’s the potatoes.

The key to this recipe is to make great mashed potatoes to top the meat mixture. If the potatoes aren’t great then the dish just falls short. Some people line the bottom of the dish with potatoes, then put a layer of meat before topping with more potatoes. In my opinion, that’s just way too dense and doesn’t really create a good balance on ingredients.

This recipe aims to balance a simple meat and vegetable with great mashed potatoes. Together they form the basics of this well-known dish. The recipe also offers some wiggle room for creative ideas such as adding spices to the meat or potatoes to totally change up the dish. For example, a little curry powder, or thyme, rosemary, or sage can also make a familiar dish feel like something new.

Makes 6 servings at ~480 calories each

Homemade Shepherd's Pie (or Cottage Pie)

  • Servings: 6
  • Difficulty: Medium
  • Print

Shepherd's pie with meat, vegetables, and fluffy potatoes.


  • Meat Mixture:
    • 1 pound of 85/15 ground beef or ground lamb
    • 1/2 a large sweet onion, chopped
    • 1/2 cup of peas (frozen or fresh)
    • 1/2 cup of corn kernels (frozen or fresh)
    • 1/2 cup of sliced carrots (frozen or fresh)
    • 2 Garlic cloves crushed
    • 1 tablespoon loosely packed diced fresh parsley
    • 1 tablespoon of vegetable or canola oil
    • 1/2 teaspoon kosher salt
    • 1/4 teaspoon coarse ground black pepper
    • 1 tablespoon of flour
    • 1/2 cup of chicken or beef broth
  • Potatoes:
    • 1.5 pounds of russet potatoes (roughly 3 large potatoes)
    • 1/2 cup of milk
    • 1/2 cup of heavy cream
    • 1/2 stick (4 tablespoons) of butter
    • 1/2 teaspoon and 1/2 tablespoon of kosher salt


  • Large pan
  • Cutting board
  • Large pot
  • Potato peeler
  • Potato ricer or masher
  • Rubber spatula / wooden spoon spatula
  • Colander
  • 2.5 Quart baking dish
  • Cup and teaspoon measurements


  1. Chop and prep all of the vegetables. Chop half an onion into even pieces and get the 1/2 cup each of peas, carrots, and corn ready. For the peas and corn, frozen are fine and work very well. For the carrots, I personally prefer to use fresh ones because they look nicer and taste sweeter, but frozen will work as well if you don’t feel like peeling and cutting. I like to crush the garlic using a garlic press, but finely chopped garlic work as well. Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Veggies
  2. Fill a large pot with water and set it on the stove.
  3. Peel and cut three good-sized russet potatoes into quarters or sixth and drop them in the water. It’s important that the potatoes go into the water before it’s hot or boiling! Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Boiling Potatoes
  4. Bring the pot with the potatoes in it up to a medium boil and then add in the 1/2 tablespoon of salt. Let them boil for roughly 20 minutes until they’re fork-tender.
  5. While the potatoes cook, set a large pan on the stove, set the heat to medium, and add a tablespoon of oil to the pan. Once the pan starts to get hot, add the ground meat and brown it in the pan until most of the moisture has evaporated.
    Note: If you find that your ground meat has browned (or become grayish) and it’s still swimming in liquid your pan may not have initially been hot enough, so just drain off some of the liquid to prevent the meat from steaming.
    Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie with Ground Meat
  6. Next, add in the onions and saute them with the meat until they start to get just a little softer before adding the rest of the vegetables. Mix and incorporate the ingredients together.
    Note: At this stage, if you want to make something a little different, you can add some other spices to the meat, like curry powder or herbs to give the whole dish some new life!
  7. When all of the vegetables have softened, but aren’t mushy, sprinkle a tablespoon of flour over the mixture along with a 1/2 teaspoon of salt and a 1/4 teaspoon of pepper. Mix everything very well. The flour will help thicken the mixture for the next step. Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Ground Beef Filling with Flour
  8. Add a 1/2 cup of chicken broth to deglaze the pan that will create a little bit of moisture and gravy for the dish.
  9. When the meat and broth have all mixed well and the broth is hot, transfer the meat mixture to a 2.5 quart baking dish and let it cool a bit.
  10. While the meat cools, pre-heat the oven to 400 degrees F and work on the potatoes. When they’re fork-tender, drain the potatoes in a colander and return them to the pot they were in.
  11. Use a potato ricer (recommended for fluffy potatoes) or a potato masher (recommended for thicker potatoes) and press or mash the potatoes until they are just all broken down. Don’t overdo it because if you mash them too much, they’ll become pasty. Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Mashed Potatoes
  12. Cut up 4 tablespoons (half a stick of butter) into small cubes and toss them into the potatoes. Fold (don’t mash!) the potatoes so that the butter starts to melt from the heat of the potatoes. A rubber spatula works very well for folding potatoes.
    Note: Another way to change up the usual Shepherd’s Pie is to infuse the potatoes with some new flavors like cheese, diced scallion/chives, or curry powder. Experimentation can keep this often overlooked dish, fun and creative!
  13. Next add in a 1/2 cup of whole milk, a 1/2 cup of heavy cream, and 1/2 teaspoon of salt.  Fold the potatoes until everything is well incorporated. Try not to mash the potatoes or stir them too much. They should end up fluffy and soft. They might seem too soft at first, but once they’re baked, they’ll stiffen up a bit more.
  14. Scoop out enough of the potatoes to spread them evenly over the meat mixture. Be careful not to mix them in with the meat because you want two layers, not one big mixture. Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Ready to Bake
  15. Place the baking dish into the 400 degree F oven for 20 minutes on the middle rack. Then turn the broiler to high and place the baking dish under it for roughly 3 minutes. Be careful not to burn the top. The goal is just to get some nice golden brown notes. Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie with Broiled Top
  16. Let the Shepherd’s Pie sit for 10 to 15 minutes before serving and then enjoy! Man Fuel Food Blog - Shepherds Pie Recipe Man Fuel Food Blog - Cottage Pie Recipe


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12 thoughts on “The Difference Between Shepherd’s Pie, Cottage Pie, and How to Make Them

Add yours

  1. Red meat is an excellent source of proteins and provides numerous vitamins to the metabolism such as D, B1, B2, B3, B5 and B6. It has been longly demonized by some groups because it has been considered to increase the risk of death by 13%. Yet studies that support this theory never considered other variables that could have provided additional information about the lifestyle of red meat consumers, nor classified the different types of meat ingested by each individual (grass-fed beef, processed red beef, organic beef, et cetera.)

  2. I have one tweak I have to do to my cottage pie simply because it was how I ate it as a child. I add cream of mushroom to the meat mixture. I cannot do without it.

  3. Apart from the difference in meat I also thought the type of potato when I grew up in England was important shepherds pie has a mashed potato topping cottage pie has a sliced potatoes topping to look like shingles on a cottage!

    1. That’s an interesting idea, John! Thanks for sharing. I didn’t come across the potato difference while researching, but that would be a nice way to make cottage pie. I wonder if that potato difference is a sub-regional thing?

      1. I am originally from Oxfordshire and I always knew shepherd’s pie with a topping of mashed potato topping while cottage pie was topped with sliced potato.

  4. The well known Shepherd’s Pie can be lamb or beef and the recipes vary widely for what else it contains. However, Cottage Pie is made mostly from cubed chuck. If the meat is ground it is Shepherd’s Pie. Like Shepherd’s Pie Cottage pie comes with a multitude of other ingredients but is usually made with basic vegetables like peas and carrots. Also it is common to add gravy to the meat and veg before adding the required SLICED potatoes.

  5. Why didn’t you bake the whole thing in the cast iron pan you cooked the meat and veggies in?

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